[175] On June 9, 2017, the MDEQ reported their May 2017 testing showed 90 percent of Tier I samples at or below 6 ppb of lead with 93.1 percent of the samples at or below 15 ppb.[176]. Since the crisis in Flint, the Environmental Protection Agency has called for more aggressive replacement of contaminated pipes, as well as improved education so people know to test their water. [252] Another $165 million for lead pipe replacements and water bill reimbursements was approved by Snyder on June 29, 2016. Mayor Weaver calls for the Flint city council to approve a 30-year contract with the Great Lakes Water Authority. [451] A corrosive water source was introduced "into an aging water system without adequate corrosion control. [496], Amtrak donated 30,000 bottles of water to Flint. The workers will take the place of the Michigan National Guard soldiers who have been in place since January. [172], On January 24, 2017, the MDEQ told Mayor Weaver that the lead content of Flint water had fallen below the federal limit. These results are consistent with a CDC report[163] which found that the fraction of "all children under age 6" with elevated lead blood level "was nearly 50 percent higher after the switch to Flint River water." [3], On November 13, 2015, four families filed a federal class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in Detroit against Governor Snyder and thirteen other city and state officials, including Mayor Walling and Darnell Earley, who was in charge of the city when the switch to the Flint River was made. September 20 – A study conducted by professors David Slusky and Daniel Grossman is released demonstrating that fertility rates decreased by 12 percent among Flint women and fetal death rates increased by 58 percent since the switch to the Flint River in 2014. [509], The United Church of Christ and the Disciples of Christ, two Flint-area Protestant denominations, worked together to launch a water distribution effort. Now cars are made in Mexico, and you can't drink the water in Flint. September 9 – MDEQ spokesman Brad Wurfel states that Flint needs to upgrade its infrastructure but is skeptical about Virginia Tech's water study. As pipes are dug up and more data is gained, the model updates accordingly and yields more accurate results. And they deserve a solution, fast. Snyder moves to come up with $12 million to switch Flint's water back to Detroit's supply", "Snyder announces $12-million plan to fix Flint water", "Sen. Ananich calls for emergency funding from the state to address Flint water crisis", "Dems say state blocked Flint return to Detroit water", "Flint to stay on Detroit water for another year", "Evaluating Water Lead Levels During the Flint Water Crisis", "Converting Laboratory Units Into Consumer Confidence Report Units", "State says 96 percent of Flint homes met federal lead standards in November", "County will build new connector, allowing Flint to stay on Detroit water", "Flint city councilman: 'We got bad water, "A timeline of the water crisis in Flint, Michigan", "What Will Happen with the Flint Water Crisis Once the Cameras Leave? May 16 – Flint Department of Public Works Director Robert Bincsik sends a letter to the EPA saying there are still 14,000 lead service lines in the city, 15% more than previous projections. [224][225], On March 15, the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee examining the Flint water crisis revealed the EPA, state, and municipal officials attempted to fix the situation behind the scenes according to hearing witness and former EPA regional administrator, Susan Hedman, who cited legal and enforcement challenges as the causes for her actions. [141] Mozhgan Savabieasfahani, an environmental toxicologist based in Ann Arbor, said this level of lead exposure is comparable with what the Iraqi people have experienced since the U.S. occupation in 2003. [542][543], In the spring of 2016, Associate Professor of Conducting at the University of Colorado Boulder, Andrea Ramsey, in reaction to the Flint water crisis, composed a choral song titled, "But a Flint Holds Fire". [129] On July 1, 2014, Earley gave operational authority to Mayor Dayne Walling over two city departments, including Public Works. [503], Mari Copeny,[504] also known as Little Miss Flint,[505] launched a t-shirt fundraiser that says 'Don't Forget Flint' to raise money for events and programs that benefit kids impacted by the water crisis in Flint. 3677 on National Opportunity for Lead Exposure Accountability and Deterrence Act", "Senate bill S.2086 for National Opportunity for Lead Exposure Accountability and Deterrence", "Bill inspired by Flint water crisis would make data manipulation by Michigan officials a felony", "Michigan lawmaker calls on Gov. Flint has taken important steps toward resolving the lead contamination crisis that made the impoverished Michigan city a symbol of the drinking water … Ten people have been killed here because of a political decision. "[153] Residents complained about the taste, smell, and appearance of the water for 18 months before a Flint physician found elevated blood lead levels in the children of Flint. Plumbing that contains lead is often found in buildings constructed in the 1980s and earlier. Evacuate The Residents And Turn it Into a Landfill for Liberal Good Intentions", "Flint's lead water crisis part of infrastructure conference", "Dr. Marc Edwards speaks on current state of the Flint Water Crisis", "Expert at Harvard forum says Flint EMs cared more about money than people", "Flint water crisis: Policy changes needed to restore public trust", "How to Prevent Another Flint Water Crisis", "Getting the Lead Out: Data Science and Water Service Lines in Flint", "A Potent Side Effect to the Flint Water Crisis: Mental Health Problems", "See how $33.4M in Flint water crisis grants, donations have been spent", "Cher to donate 181,000 bottles of water to help out Flint water crisis", "Truckloads of water to be delivered to Flint senior centers", "Meek Mill Promises to Donate Money to Flint Water Crisis, Asks 50 Cent to Help", "Rappers Big Sean, Meek Mill pledge aid to Flint water crisis", "Jimmy Fallon donates $10,000 to Flint water cause, calls on others to donate", "Diddy, Mark Wahlberg, Eminem and Wiz Khalifa to send 1M bottles of water to Flint", "Bruno Mars to donate $1 million towards Flint water crisis relief", "Dave Chappelle donates $50K to Flint a year after skipping water crisis benefit", "Faygo teams with The United Way to bring Flint clean water", "Meijer Inc. donating $500,000 for Flint water crisis relief", "Dow Chemical helping with Flint water relief effort", "Oskar Blues sent 50,000 cans of water to Flint, Mich., more on the way", "UAW members donate drinking water to Flint residents; Americorps to begin effort", "Support for Flint goes International as Ontario Hockey League teams pitch in", "Aretha Franklin donating hotel stays, food to Flint residents", "Little River Band tribe offers $10,000 donation to help Flint water crisis", "Lions' Ziggy Ansah delivers 94,000 bottles of drinking water to Flint", "Washington Redskins players jump in for help with Flint water crisis", "Pearl Jam donates $300,000 to Flint water crisis", "GoFundMe to give $10,000 to highest earning Flint water crisis campaign", "Anheuser-Busch sending 51,744 cans of water to aid in Flint's water crisis", "Detroit Pistons legend recalls 'bustling town' before Flint water crisis", "Walmart, others promise Flint up to 6.5M water bottles", "Amid Flint crisis, Walmart, Coca-Cola, Nestlé and PepsiCo to donate millions of water bottles", "Madonna donates $10,000 to help with Flint water emergency", "Recording artist, Detroit native Kem donates to Flint water emergency", "UPDATE: The Game Pledges To Donate $1,000,000 To Flint, Michigan Amid Current Water Crisis; Rapper Shares Photo Of Bank Wire", "Memphis, FedEx Team Up To Donate Water To Flint", "Financial institutions offer $600,000 to Flint water crisis relief efforts", "Craigslist founder launches Flint water match campaign", "MSMS donates $10,000 to help children affected by Flint water crisis", "Indiana sheriff's office delivers semi-truck load of water to Flint", "Indiana truck club delivers 80 tons of bottled water to Flint", "Flint native, Dallas Cowboys star announces donations for Flint water emergency", "Law enforcement organization donating water to Flint police in water crisis", "Dubuque to Send Almost 300,000 Water Bottles to Flint, MI", "Group from Ohio State University delivers water to Flint", "Amtrak makes special water delivery donation to Flint", "Consumers Energy employees volunteer amid Flint water crisis", "Michigan Masonic Charitable Foundation donates $100,000 to Community Foundation of Greater Flint", "Dearborn woman trades Twitter handle for donation in Flint water crisis", "Details of $25 million program to help businesses impacted by Flint water crisis", "$2M grant from Kresge to help fight the effects of lead in Flint children", "This Is How One Sixth Grade Girl Helped Improve Flint's Water Crisis", "Little Miss Flint selling t-shirts: 'Don't Forget Flint, "Flint Clean Water GoFundMe Campaigns Get Border Wall Boost", "Jaden Smith visits Flint for launch of The Water Box", "70,000 pounds of water donated to Flint from Knoxville, Tennessee", "Flint water crisis no laughing matter for comedian George Lopez", "Winter festival raises $50,000 for Flint water crisis", "Ava DuVernay and Ryan Coogler are hosting #JusticeForFlint benefit concert. "[10], Per Larry Clark, Sustainable Performance Solutions LLC, consulting professionals such as "professional engineers, licensed plumbers, or water-treatment specialists" could have had a positive impact on the outcome. [264] FEMA rejected his request again on March 16. The first witnesses were EPA acting deputy assistant administrator Joel Beauvais, Marc Edwards, new MDEQ Director Keith Creagh, and Flint resident LeeAnne Walters (who alerted EPA water expert Miguel A. Del Toral to the problem). "[370], Dan Kildee, the Democratic party congressman in the House of Representatives representing the Michigan 5th district which includes Flint, along with Republican Michigan Representative Fred Upton, sponsored H.R. [332][333] However, in a September 2015 email released by Snyder in January 2016, the state estimated the replacement cost to be $60 million, and said it could take up to 15 years to do. As a result, lead from aging pipes leached into the water supply, leading to extremely elevated levels of the heavy metal neurotoxin and exposing over 100,000 residents to elevated lead levels. [102][19] This would clearly contravene the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance that samples taken must be "first-draw samples at taps in homes/buildings". At 45 µg/dL, chelation therapy is considered. Their findings were disputed by Virginia Tech water expert Marc Edwards on May 31, 2016. Although the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) said that there is no evidence of a clear link between the spike in cases and the water system change,[15] Edwards stated the contaminated Flint water could be linked to the spike. No kidding", "All tests of filtered water in Flint schools below federal threshold for lead", "Flint Safe Water Case Back in Court: Groups Say City Isn't Complying with Lead Pipe Settlement", "FAST Start update: 15,031 pipes excavated in Flint", "County failed to help 85% of lead-poisoned kids amid Flint water crisis, state says", "Elon Musk donates $480K to Flint schools for UV water filtration systems", "Gretchen Whitmer says she will bring back bottled water for Flint", "Whitmer signs 1st executive directive in response to Flint water crisis", "AG Nessel seeks to replace Flint water prosecutor Todd Flood", "Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy on board in Flint water crisis prosecutions", "Team of attorneys will replace Flood in court for Flint water prosecutions", "Michigan solicitor general says Flood mismanaged Flint water prosecutions", "Independent tests in Flint reveal water is well below action levels, match city results", "Order Granting in Part Plaintiffs' Third Motion to Enforce Settlement Agreement", "Factsheet: Settlement Agreement in Safe Water Lawsuit Amended to Improve Lead Pipe Removal Process", "Flint replaces more lead pipes using predictive model, researchers say", "Flushing Flint Documentary: Exposed: The Crisis Isn't Trump, the Border, or Russia…", Lead and Copper Rule: A Quick Reference Guide, "Researchers say sewage data holds clues to Flint water crisis", "Using machine learning to find lead service lines", "Ex-governor's phone seized in Flint water probe", "Michigan Drops Charges in Flint Water Case as It Restarts Investigation", "Prosecutors drop Flint water charges, restart investigation", "Flint misses 'self-imposed' deadline for replacing lead service lines", "For the first time in decades, EPA is overhauling how communities must test for lead in water", "Flint misses deadline to test homes for lead in water", "Flint water prosecutors say statute of limitations won't stop investigation", "Flint prosecutors: Six-year anniversary won't stop pursuit of justice", "Flint Service Line Map, powered by BlueConduit, Highlights Progress and Remaining Work", "Sheriff uses reverse 911 for Flint residents who need water help", "The City of Flint Police Department Crime Reduction Strategy", "City officials set to accept proposals to replace lead lines in Flint", "Update on Blood Lead Levels in Children", "As Water Problems Grew, Officials Belittled Complaints From Flint", "DTE Energy tells new regional authority it may want 3 million gallons of Lake Huron water daily", "Flint council supports buying water from Lake Huron through KWA", "Karegnondi Water Authority prepares to drill 1.5 miles into Lake Huron for new water pipeline to Flint", "Flint emergency manager endorses water pipeline, final decision rests with state of Michigan", "Detroit 'water war' claims 'wholly without merit,' Genesee County drain commissioner says", "Detroit gives notice: It's terminating water contract covering Flint, Genesee County in one year", "City switch to Flint River water slated to happen Friday", "Water crisis in Flint, Michigan, draws federal investigation", "Detroit offers Flint alternative to using river for long-term water backup", "Emergency manager accepts $3.9 million Genesee County offer to buy Flint-owned pipeline", "Flint Mayor Dayne Walling gets new authority from emergency manager", "The Science Behind the Flint Water Crisis: Corrosion of Pipes, Erosion of Trust", "Events That Led to Flint's Water Crisis", "Flint, Environmental Racism, and Racial Capitalism", "City warns of potential health risks after Flint water tests revealed too much disinfection byproduct", "Letter from Flint Public Library about Lead in Water Crisis to PUBLIB", "Emergency manager calls City Council's Flint River vote 'incomprehensible, "Lead leaches into 'very corrosive' Flint drinking water, researchers say", "Contaminants Found in Flint, Michigan, Drinking Water; City to Reconnect to Detroit Water Supply", "Flint will pay for independent water tests, added phosphate treatment", "Gov. Michigan Governor Rick Snyder and Flint Mayor Karen Weaver spoke on the first day. (10/4/2017) - The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality is urging people to take precautions when eating fish from more of the Flint River. United States District Court, Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division. [219] On March 4, 2016, a report released by the Michigan Auditor General's office called the MDEQ's Office of Drinking Water and Municipal Assistance "not sufficient" in its oversight of the state's Community Water Supply Program. The suit names McLaren Regional Medical Center and several MDEQ officials as defendants. [121], In 2011, Genesee County initiated the switch to the Karegnondi Water Authority (KWA); the KWA would supply water to both Genesee County and Flint. Miller retired in April and Shekter-Smith was fired in February. [465][466][467], Support has also come from numerous companies, including Detroit-based Faygo, grocer Meijer, the Dow Chemical Company of nearby Midland, and Ball Corporation, among many others. [460][461][462][463][464], A group made up of actor Mark Wahlberg and rappers Sean Combs, Eminem, and Wiz Khalifa donated 1 million bottles of water to Flint. According to studies, children with elevated levels of lead in the blood are more likely as adults to commit crimes, be imprisoned, be unemployed or underemployed, or be dependent on government services. These violations could be positive results of contaminated water, failing to test water and water systems, and the failure to report contaminated water systems to the proper authorities. [510], Flint Jewish Federation worked in partnership with the American Red Cross to help get clean water to homes. [359], On March 17, 2017, Flint received a $100 million grant from the EPA for water infrastructure repairs. This is creating a public health threat in some Flint homes that have lead pipe or lead solder. [137], Prior to August 2014, additional chlorine had been added to eliminate bacteria from the Flint River. Because lead screening is not completed for all children, such data may be skewed toward higher-risk children and thus overestimate lead exposure, especially in non–high-risk areas. Some residents related the water crisis to depression and even thoughts of suicide; some sought treatment for mental breakdowns. February 26 – EPA manager Miguel Del Toral detects that lead levels in the water at the home of Flint resident. [482][483] On the same day, singer Madonna (a native of nearby Bay City) donated $10,000 to the Community Foundation of Greater Flint,[484] and singer Kem donated $10,000 to the Salvation Army of Genesee County. February 8 – State official Richard Baird informs Flint residents that the year-long state water bill subsidy will end, effective March 1, 2017. In September 2015 a team from Virginia Tech arrived in Flint. [528], On May 31, 2017, the PBS show Nova aired an episode about the water crisis called "Poisoned Water". Eight of the samples exceeded 100 ppb. It concluded in its report that "Flint River water leaches more lead from plumbing than does Detroit water. June 15 – George Krisztian, an assistant director of MDEQ's Office of Drinking Water and Municipal Assistance, says that Flint's 90th percentile for lead was 6 ppb in the first six months of the year, up since the state stopped bottled water deliveries to the city in April. 2 years ago. [360], On June 30, 2017, the Genesee County Health Department's Healthy Start Program received $15 million to provide health and social services for people who have had or are at risk for lead exposure stemming from Flint water crisis. [386], On January 16, 2020, Trump re-tweeted a story by conservative website The Daily Caller which claims that $390 million of state funds allocated to Flint in 2019 for the crisis recovery were improperly used, adding, "This is a total disgrace, but just another reason that I’m going to win Michigan again!". [189][190] The Department of Public Works said that it was trying to transition the data into an electronic spreadsheet program, but as of October 1, 2015, only about 25% of the index card information had been digitized. [10], Hanna-Attisha and Flint resident LeeAnne Walters were awarded PEN America's Freedom of Expression Courage Award on May 16, 2016.[161]. [15] Four government officials—one from the city of Flint, two from the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ), and one from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—resigned over the mishandling of the crisis, and one additional MDEQ staff member was fired. The annual budget of the EPA's drinking water office declined 15% from 2006 to 2015, with the office losing over 10% of employees, and the Association of State Drinking Water Administrators reported in 2013 that "federal officials had slashed drinking-water grants, 17 states had cut drinking-water budgets by more than a fifth, and 27 had cut spending on full-time employees," with "serious implications for states' ability to protect public health. [296], On January 8, 2020, a Genesee County judge dismissed a misdemeanor charge of disturbance of a lawful meeting against Liane Shekter-Smith. This project is said to target Michigan and Louisiana initially, and then it will branch out to other areas.

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